It presents the simplest stabilization method for solving the convection diffusion transport equation
\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}  \nabla(\mathbf{K}\nabla u)
+ {\mathbf v}\cdot \nabla u = Q
with u
the primary variable, \mathbf v
the fluid velocity,
\mathbf{K}
the diffusion coefficient, by using the Galerkin finite
element method.
The method adds an artificial isotropic balancing dissipation to the diffusion coefficient in order to force the Peclet number to be smaller than 1. The isotropic balancing dissipation is defined as
\mathbf{K}_{\delta} = \frac{1}{2}\alpha \mathbf vh \mathbf I
with \alpha \in [0,1]
the tuning parameter, h
the element
size (e.g the maximum edge length of the element), and \mathbf I
the identity
matrix.
The stabilization scheme is firstly used in HT process.
A classic 1D mass transport example, which is for the
mass transport in liquid flow under a constant liquid velocity, is used as a benchmark.
The domain size 0.8 m. The initial value of the primary variable is 0. The Dirichlet boundary
conditions are applied on the left and right boundaries with values of 1.0 and 0.0,
respectively. The constant velocity is 1.e4 m/s. The diffusion coefficient is
10^{9}
m/s. The time period is 7200 s.
The following figures show the the benchmark results with two different spatial and temporal
discretization sets. Both results show that the stabilization of IsotropicDiffusion
eliminates the spatial oscillation.
The following figure compares the results of the simulations with \alpha=0.15
, and with its maximum value, respectively:

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